Wastewater Management and Protocols
Photo by Steve Sara / MCSP
In 2014, WHO published the second edition of the Safe Management of Wastes from Health-care Activities handbook. This resource provides in depth guidance on how to manage various types of health-care waste, including wastewater.
Note: National policies and standards should also be consulted when designing, monitoring or evaluating healthcare waste standards.
Appropriate Staff, Process and Management Considerations:
Each HCF should designate staff to manage various types of HCF waste. These staff members should be trained in waste management standards and considerations, as well as infection prevention and control protocols. Where waste management services are not available, facility management should ensure that improved on-site waste disposal systems are available, functional, and cordoned off from the public.
MCSP Rapid Assessment Questions:
To improve wastewater management, each HCF can consider the following questions from MCSP’s HCF rapid assessment tool. The tool was adapted from WHO’s Essential Environmental Standards in Health Care.
Additional Tools and Resources for Wastewater Management and Protocols in HCF settings:
- In 2017, WHO & UNICEF published the WASHFit Tool, which includes essential indicator and advanced indicator assessment tools for wastewater disposal (Tool 2), risk assessment templates (Tool 3), and improvement plan templates (Tool 4).